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Post new topic   Reply to topic    Irish Gardeners Forum Home -> Herb growing in Ireland

What exactly is a HERB

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James Kilkelly
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Joined: 30 May 2006
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PostPosted: Tue Aug 01, 2006 12:31 am    Post subject: What exactly is a HERB Reply with quote

A herb is a plant grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value.
The green, leafy part of the plant is typically used. General usage differs between culinary herbs and medicinal herbs.
A medicinal herb may be a shrub or other woody plant, whereas a culinary herb is a non-woody plant.
By contrast, spices are the seeds, berries, bark, root, or other parts of the plant, even leaves in some cases; although any of these, as well as any edible fruits or vegetables, may be considered "herbs" in medicinal or spiritual use.
Culinary herbs are distinguished from vegetables in that they are used in small amounts and provide flavor (are spices) rather than substance to food.

A herb garden is a garden specifically designed and used for the cultivation of cooking and/or medicinal herbs.

Herb gardens developed from the general gardens of the ancient classical worlds, used for growing vegetables, flowers, fruits and medicines.
During the medieval period monks and nuns acquired specialist medical knowledge and grew the necessary herbs in specialist gardens.
Typical plants were rosemary, parsley, sage, marjoram, thyme, mint, rue, angelica, bay and basil.
With the advance of medical and botanical sciences in Renaissance Europe, monastic herb gardens developed into botanical gardens.
The section in which herbs was grown became known as a Garden of Simples.

Herb gardens experienced a revival with the work of the British garden historian and horticultural, writer Eleanour Sinclair Rohde (1882-1950).
Modern herb gardens may be purely functional or may be ornamental, sometimes as part of a design and containing boxes and raised beds.
The development of alternative medicine is also encouraging people to grow and use fresh herbs (eg for the treatment of acne).

List of herbs and spices


* Aglaophotis (fictional)
* Alino crio
* Allspice
* Aloe Vera
* Ambrosia herbs
* Amchur (mango powder)
* Angelica (Angelica archangelica)
* Anise
* Annatto
* Apple mint
* Arrowroot
* Artemisia vulgaris
* Rocket (Arugula)
* Asafoetida
* Asarum europaeum
* Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
* Avens


* Bacopa monnieri (Brahmi)
* Balm of Gilead
* Balmony
* Balsam of Tolu
* Barberry
* Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
* Bay Laurel
* Bay leaves
* Berebere
* Bison grass (Hierochloe odorata)
* Bistort
* Bitters
* Black cardamom
* Black cumin
* Black limes
* Pepper (black, white, and green)
* Blue Cohosh
* Bog Labrador Tea
* Boldo
* Bolivian Coriander (Porophyllum ruderale)
* Boneset
* Borage (Borago officinalis)
* Bush tomato


* Calamus
* Calumba
* Camomile
* Candle nut
* Caper (Capparis spinosa)
* Caraway
* Cardamom
* Carob Pod
* Catnip
* Catsear
* Cayenne
* Celastrus Panicaltus - Herb.
* Celery salt
* Celery seed
* Centaury
* Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium)
* Chickweed
* Chicory
* Chile pepper
* Chili powder
* Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
* Cicely (Myrrhis odorata)
* Cilantro (see Coriander) (Coriandrum sativum)
* Cinnamon (and Cassia)
* Clary
* Cleavers
* Cloves
* Coffee
* Comfrey
* Common Rue
* Condurango
* Coptis
* Coriander
* Costmary (Tanacetum balsamita)
* Couchgrass
* Cow Parsley
* Cowslip
* Cramp Bark
* Cress
* Cuban Oregano (Plectranthus amboinicus)
* Cudweed
* Cumin
* Curry powder
* Curry leaf (Murraya koenigii)
* Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus, C. flexuosus, and other species)


* Damiana (Turnera aphrodisiaca, T. diffusa)
* Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
* Demulcent
* Devil's claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)
* Dill seed
* Dill (Anethum graveolens)


* Echinacea -
* Echinopanax Elatum
* Edelweiss
* Elderberry
* Elecampane
* Eleutherococcus senticosus
* Emmenagogue
* Epazote (Chenopodium ambrosioides)
* Ephedra -
* Eryngium foetidum
* Eucalyptus
* Eyebright


* Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
* Fenugreek
* Figwort
* Filé powder
* Five-spice powder (Chinese)
* Fo-ti-tieng
* Fumitory


* Galangal
* Garam masala
* Garden cress
* Garlic chives
* Garlic
* Ginger root
* Ginkgo biloba
* Ginseng
* Ginseng, Siberian (Eleutherococcus senticosus)
* Goat's Rue
* Golden Rod
* Golden Seal
* Gotu Kola
* Grains of paradise
* Grape seed extract
* Green tea
* Guaco


* Hawthorn (Crataegus sanguinea)
* Hawthorne Tree
* Herbes de Provence
* Horseradish
* Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)


* Jalap
* Jamaican jerk spice
* Jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum)
* John the Conqueror
* Juniper


* Kaffir Lime Leaves (Citrus hystrix, C. papedia)
* Kokam


* Labrador tea
* Land cress
* Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
* Ledum
* Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis)
* Lemon basil
* Lemon mint
* Lemon Myrtle (Backhousia citriodora)
* Lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora)
* Licorice - adaptogen
* Limnophila aromatica
* Long pepper
* Lovage (Levisticum officinale)
* Luohanguo


* Mahlab
* Malabathrum
* Manchurian Thorn Tree (Aralia manchurica)]]
* Marjoram (Origanum majorana)
* Marrubium vulgare
* Marsh Labrador Tea
* Mastic
* Meadowsweet
* Mentha
* Mint (Mentha spp.)
* Milk thistle (Silybum)
* Bergamot (Monarda didyma)
* Mountain Skullcap
* Mullien (Verbascum thapsus)
* Mustard
* Mustard seed


* Nashia inaguensis
* Nepeta
* Nigella sativa
* Nigella (Kolanji, Black caraway)
* Noni
* Nutmeg (and Mace)


* Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis et al)
* Oregano (Origanum vulgare, O. heracleoticum, and other species)
* Orris root
* Osmorhiza


* Panax quinquefolius
* Pandan leaf
* Paprika
* Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
* Peppermint
* Perilla
* Pomegranate
* Ponch phoran
* Poppy seed
* Primrose (Primula) — candied flowers, tea
* Purslane


* Quatre épices



* Ramsons
* Ras-el hanout
* Raspberry (leaves)
* Rhodiola Rosea
* Roman chamomile
* Rosehips
* Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
* Rue


* Sage (Salvia officinalis)
* Safflower
* Saffron
* Saigon Cinnamon
* St John's Wort
* Salad Burnet (Sanguisorba minor or Poterium sanguisorba)
* Salvia
* Sichuan Pepper (Sansho)
* Sassafras
* Savory (Satureja hortensis, S. montana)
* Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis)
* Scutellaria costaricana
* Senna (herb)
* Senna obtusifolia
* Sesame seed
* Sialagogue
* Siberian Chaga
* Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus)
* Siraitia grosvenorii (luohanguo)
* Smudge Stick
* Sonchus
* Sorrel (Rumex spp.)
* Spearmint
* Squill
* Star anise
* Stevia
* Suma (Pfaffia paniculata)
* Sumac
* Summer savory
* Sutherlandia frutescens
* Sweet grass
* Sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata)
* Sweet woodruff
* Szechuan pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum)


* Tamarind
* Tandoori masala
* Tansy
* Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
* Tea
* Teucrium polium
* Thai basil
* Thyme
* Tribulus terrestris
* Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum)
* Turmeric


* Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia)
* Vasaka
* Vietnamese Coriander


* Wasabi
* Watercress
* Wattleseed
* Wild ginger
* Wild thyme
* Winter savory
* Wolfberry
* Woodruff


* Yarrow
* Yerba Buena
* Yohimbe


* Za'atar

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License It uses material from the Wikipedia article

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PostPosted: Wed Sep 11, 2013 3:08 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Really good of you to put a full list up! Sometimes people mentioned things when discussing recipes but now I will be able to research them!
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