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How To Plant A Tree


 
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James Kilkelly
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Joined: 30 May 2006
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Location: West of Ireland

PostPosted: Fri Jul 28, 2006 9:11 pm    Post subject: How To Plant A Tree Reply with quote

How To Plant A Tree
By: Ryan Rhode


Selecting the right tree for the right place is a good first step in any landscape design, but proper planting also is important for getting your tree off to a good start.
Trees are like all living creatures.
They require more attention in the beginning to promote a long, healthy life.

Carefully choose the planting site.
Trees are difficult to move once they are established.
BEFORE DIGGING, make sure that all underground utilities are clearly marked. You wouldn't want to cut off the electric power to your community or risk injury.

Carefully follow the planting instructions that come with your tree. If specific instructions are not available, follow these tips:

Dig a hole about twice the size of the tree's root ball, or about one foot wider than the root system.
If the soil is especially heavy or wet, consider planting the tree slightly higher.

Remove all materials from the root mass.
This includes wires, string, burlap, and containers.
Neglecting this will hinder proper root growth.
Gently place the tree in the center of the hole and position it to grow straight.
If the tree has a prettier side, place it in the direction most frequently viewed.
If planting a bare root tree, carefully spread the roots if the tree is bare-root.
Crumble the soil removed from the hole and cover the roots with it.
As you add soil to fill in around the tree, lightly tamp the soil to collapse air pockets, or add water to help settle the soil.
Air pockets around the roots can be devastating to a newly planted tree.

Add about four inches of shredded bark, or grass clippings--around the base of the tree, extending out to the tips of the outermost branches.
A 3-foot diameter circle of mulch is common.
Mulching will retain moisture, reduce weeds, maintain a more even soil temperature, and eliminate mowing next to the delicate bark.
Be sure to pull the mulch away from the tree trunk because decomposing mulch can cause rot problems.

Finally, give the tree a thorough watering. If the root ball is extremely dry, allow water to trickle into the soil by placing the hose at the trunk of the tree.

Young trees need protection against rodents, lawnmowers, and strimmers. Plastic guards are an inexpensive and easy control method.

A properly planted and maintained tree will grow much faster and live much longer than one that is incorrectly planted.
Trees can be planted almost anytime of the year as long as the soil is not frozen. However, early autumn is the optimum time to plant trees.
For the first year or two, especially after a week or so of extremely hot or dry weather, watch your tree closely for signs of moisture stress.
If you see leaf wilting or hard, caked soil, water the tree well and slowly enough so the water soaks in rather than runs off.

Take the time to give your tree a good start on life.
You and the next generation will enjoy the benefits of your garden tree for years to come.


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Novice
Rank attained: Hazel Tree
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Joined: 25 Jul 2006
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 03, 2006 8:15 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

What is the best mulch to use when planting trees? Recently, I saw a landscaping firm planting trees and they seemed to be using a lot of a crumbly mulch (not compost, not bark but like something in between) - any idea as to what this might have been? Also, a neighbour has offered me horse manure - is this of any use? A gardening friend told me that it will bring more problems than it solves!
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verge
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Joined: 04 Jun 2006
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PostPosted: Fri Aug 04, 2006 9:04 pm    Post subject: composted bark mulch Reply with quote

Novice, that mulch you saw was composted bark mulch, also known as composted bark mould. It is not put into the planting hole with the tree, instead it is spread around the base of a planted tree. Its benefits are to conserve water and prevent weed competiton.
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