Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale - Caisearrbhán
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Joined: 30 May 2006
Location: West of Ireland
|Posted: Thu May 01, 2008 5:25 pm Post subject: Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale - Caisearrbhán
|Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale - Caisearrbhán
Most soils with access to sunlight
March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October and November,
Height approx 20 to 60 cm.
Leaves are green, serrated and laid in flat rosette. The serrations on the leaves point inwards towards the centre of the plant.
Large yellow single flowers are individually held on smooth flesh coloured stalks.
The flowers are followed by distinctive puff ball like seedheads known by the common name "dandelion clocks". This is a mass of seeds, brown of tip attached to white hairs.
When the flower stems or leaves are pulled from the dandelion, they weep white milky sap, a form of latex
The weed root is strong, fleshy and deep-rooting. This often branches as well.
Dandelion flower, leaves and seed head, photo / picture / image.
Can quickly take over a lawn if left to spread.
Its leaves grow outwards, flattening all the grass around them.
Seed is spread far and wide by wind.
One seed head produces approx 150-200 seeds, this means that each weed could easily produces 1000-2000 seeds a year
Dandelion is a overwintering perennial, what is here this year will be here next year +1.
New plants grow from the root and root segments left in the soil after hand weeding.
Organic or cultural control.
If you have just one or two dandelions in your lawn they can be dug out with a deep penetrating weed tool, but beware, you must not leave any of the root behind.
Ensure your lawn is well fertilised as this promotes strong grass making it difficult for dandelions to become established.
Do not have any bare exposed areas of soil in your garden, where dandelion seeds can take root, then spread to your lawn.
To check growth apply a 3 in 1 lawn feed/weed/mosskiller.
To kill apply selective herbicides containing the active ingredient 2,4-D. This is available in the product Bayer Advanced Lawn Weedkiller, and in the spot treatment product Doff Lawn Spot Weeder.
Spot treatment can also be carried out using a Glyphosate wax stick.
Notes on selective lawn weedkillers.
Applying a lawn fertilser to your grass approx two weeks before applying selective lawn weedkillers will improve results. Weedkiller application is most effective while the weed is actively growing, between the leafing to flower stage of growth. For best results, apply selective weedkiller to the lawn on a day forecast to be dry. Apply on a calm morning (no drift) once the dew has dried.
With most lawn weedkillers expect to apply two or three applications at 6 week spacings to rid your lawn of the weeds and the regrowths from their seeds. Always read carefully the instructions supplied with the weedkiller, and follow them to the letter especially regarding protective equipment and the care of children and pets.
Please note that Irishgardeners.com does not advocate the removal of plants, instead, this forum encourages planting and preservation. However, there are occasions where a plant becomes a problem or a weed within the garden for certain people.
Be aware that the dandelion plant is beneficial to lots of insects, providing early pollen and nectar for these seekers. Please at least think about this before you remove the plant from your site.
Any queries or comments on Dandelion control, please post below.
"Dandelion clocks", dandelion seed dispersal demo
Dandelion as a salad and a tonic
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